Two outlying issues

I have two outlying issues that would be really cool to solve.

  1. get this thing to autoboot and/or auto-turn-on and/or reboot without having to press the button. Am I really going to have to leave a rpi around just to short the contacts to get it to boot?
  2. ToD clock. Documentation? Why even bother telling us we need a button cell only to not use it?
1 Like

Going by the schematics, the RTC is integrated into the DA9063 power management device.

This topic got me curious about the RTC …

From the Unmatched schematics you can see the DA9093 is connected to i2c bus 0, and from the DA9063 datasheet you can see it’s default address is 0x58. If you install i2c-tools you can use i2cdetect 0 to see that it actually detects a device at address 0x58:

unmatched # i2cdetect 0
WARNING! This program can confuse your I2C bus, cause data loss and worse!
I will probe file /dev/i2c-0.
I will probe address range 0x08-0x77.
Continue? [Y/n] y
     0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f
00:                         -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
10: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1e -- 
20: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
30: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
40: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- UU -- -- -- 
50: -- -- -- -- 54 -- -- -- 58 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
60: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 
70: -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --                         

According to the DA9063 datasheet the seconds are stored at register address 0x40, and you can actually query it:

unmatched # while true; do i2cget -y 0 0x58 0x40; sleep 1; done

This looks like a second counter :grinning:
From this point it shouldn’t be too difficult to write a shell script to load/store the date in the RTC, and i guess a kernel driver wouldn’t be too difficult either.

I just noticed there actually is a driver for the DA9063 in the linux kernel, somehow it just doesn’t work :roll_eyes:
The configuration options are CONFIG_MFD_DA9063 and CONFIG_RTC_DRV_DA9063.

Maybe we need something in the device tree?

It works with proper CONFIG_* options and DT changes for PMIC. RTC works fine IIRC, WDT also works, but can only trigger shutdown.

This hasn’t been enabled in the default configuration in meta-sifive.

Can you share what those options and changes are?
I enabled CONFIG_MFD_DA9063 and CONFIG_RTC_DRV_DA9063 and my dmesg now shows:

[    6.131729] da9063 0-0058: Device detected (chip-ID: 0x61, var-ID: 0x73)
[    6.154297] da9063-watchdog: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]
[    6.154444] da9063-onkey: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]
[    6.154579] da9063-rtc: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]

The first line seems to indicate that the device is found on the i2c bus, but there is still something missing to make it work.

so my 2012 batteries came today. have you tried probing the timer with the battery in? I don’t have linux installed, so I’m looking for other results.

even with battery in. dmesg still report:
[ 6.154297] da9063-watchdog: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]
[ 6.154444] da9063-onkey: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]
[ 6.154579] da9063-rtc: Failed to locate of_node [id: -1]

You need to enable PMIC sub-functions within DT, something like this:

+               rtc {
+                       compatible = "dlg,da9063-rtc";
+               };
+               wdt {
+                       compatible = "dlg,da9063-watchdog";
+               };
+               onkey {
+                       compatible = "dlg,da9063-onkey";
+               };

Make sure (just in case) that regulators values are according to the specification (see public schematics).

Modify defconfig, something like this:

+# CONFIG_RTC_DEBUG is not set
+# CONFIG_RTC_DRV_TEST is not set

My advice would be try to see with regulators disable. Right now default defconfig in FUSDK/meta-sifive doesn’t enable DA9063 and don’t control anything. DA9063 works from what is configured in the firmware. Remember that it’s a power management IC thus I would be careful with it.

After that RTC will be working:

root@unmatched:~# timedatectl
               Local time: Sun 2021-03-21 17:51:48 UTC
           Universal time: Sun 2021-03-21 17:51:48 UTC
                 RTC time: Sun 2021-03-21 17:51:48    
                Time zone: Universal (UTC, +0000)     
System clock synchronized: no                         
              NTP service: active                     
          RTC in local TZ: no

WDT will work too, but can only shutdown the board (not reboot on failure):

root@unmatched:~# wdctl -s 131
Timeout has been set to 131 seconds.
Device:        /dev/watchdog0
Identity:      DA9063 Watchdog [version 0]
Timeout:       131 seconds
Pre-timeout:    0 seconds
KEEPALIVEPING  Keep alive ping reply         1           0
SETTIMEOUT     Set timeout (in seconds)      0           0

The regulator is already enabled in the Ubuntu kernel configuration. It prints an error message.

May 27 08:10:00 riscv64 kernel: DA9063_BPRO: Failed to set current constraint, -22
May 27 08:10:00 riscv64 kernel: da9063-regulators da9063-regulators: Failed to register DA9063_BPRO regulator
May 27 08:10:00 riscv64 kernel: da9063-regulators: probe of da9063-regulators failed with error -22

IIUC that’s because the driver doesn’t support it properly yet. Vincent Pelletier is working on DA063 driver changes and Unmatched DT modificiation. These patches are on a public mailing list, but not yet approved.

1 Like

I’ve built Vincent’s 5.13.1 kernel with the Ubuntu configuration. Real-time clock is now working, but power off is not. wdctl reports no device is available. I’m getting an error message that may be related.

Jul 15 17:52:01 riscv64 kernel: poweroff-gpio gpio-poweroff: gpio_poweroff_probe: pm_power_off function already registered
Jul 15 17:52:01 riscv64 kernel: poweroff-gpio: probe of gpio-poweroff failed with error -16

@vpelletier Any comment?

The startup log is pretty clean now. The only other warnings are:

Jul 15 17:52:01 riscv64 kernel: da9063-rtc da9063-rtc: DMA mask not set
Jul 15 17:52:02 riscv64 kernel: da9063-onkey da9063-onkey: DMA mask not set

Here are the .debs for others to try.

Note that you have to manually extract the .dtb files from linux-image-5.13.1_5.13.1-1_riscv64.deb (with dpkg-deb -xv) and put them in /lib/firmware/5.13.1/device-tree/sifive/ before you install so that /boot/extlinux/extlinux.conf gets updated properly.

First, a quick disclaimer: I’m not a regular kernel contributor, so my repository may contain daft stuff as I’m learning along the way. Also, I’m push-force’ing branches on this repository, so it is unstable ground - in a quicksand sense. But beyond this, happy that it can be useful.

About shutdown & reboot support, my understanding is that part of the needed support comes from SBI level. From memory the support was added in SBI spec v0.3.
Then , opensbi will have to implement this API, and the kernel to use it. I have not yet rebuilt the u-boot and opensbi which came with the board, so I do not know the current status.

FWIW, here is my /etc/modules, as for some reason not all applicable modules get automatically loaded:


Not everything may be necessary.

Lastly on the topic of the source code, I completely neglected .config generation. My basis is Debian sid’s kernel config (which itself is not bootable on the unmatched), plus bits from the one of the kernel on the board’s sdcard (/proc/config*), plus what I put my hands in. I guess I should look into adding bits to defconfig.

About the errors:

I have not looked into the gpio-poweroff error message: my guess is that something outside of devicetree is already registering that GPIO, duplicating a declaration present in the devicetree.

I looked a tiny bit into the DMA mask not set errors, but they make no sense to me:

  • what is the meaning of DMA for an i2c chip ? I guess there is none.
  • what is the meaning of DMA for a subfunction of a chip, when the main chip driver does not have DMA ?
  • I believe my devicetree changes for these subfunction look like the examples in Documentation/devicetree/bindings, which do not mention DMA.

so I’m not sure what direction the fix should go.

Thanks for the reply. Putting da9063_wdt in /etc/modules was a very helpful tip and that’s now working. da9063_wdt is blacklisted in /usr/lib/modprobe.d/blacklist_linux-riscv_5.11.0-1012-generic.conf

However, power off seems backwards now. sudo shutdown -r does power the board down, but sudo shutdown -h does not. Kooky!

I’m using a modified Ubuntu config. It’s a big kernel with a ton of drivers, but it does boot. I use make ARCH=riscv olddefconfig to fix it up. It can be downloaded here.

BTW, I did go over your commits and they seemed fine. I was a little apprehensive of the regulator changes, but decided to let it rip. For others, the repository is here.

Thanks for the info @davidlt, i got the rtc going … a bit :slight_smile:
It is found by the kernel now, and i can query it with hwclock --show, but i can do that only once. After that it just times out, maybe i’ll have to try a newer kernel (using 5.12.11 now).

The CR1220 battery format seems a bit unusual here, it’s hard to find.